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2012 / NO.2
2012 / NO.2
Sports and Rehabilitation - Principles of rehabilitation exercises for chronic sports injuries

There is a common saying within sports teams-- “Exercise cures chronic injuries; Treatment cures acute injuries”. This means that the treatment of acute sports injuries depends on doctors and medicines while chronic injuries require exercises with a high degree of scientific training. In other words, chronic sports injuries need to be healed by conducting exercises based on the severity of the symptoms, post-traumatic pathologies, personal injury recovery characteristics and the individual diagnosis with clinical assessment.

The implementation of the rehabilitation exercises should be executed with the collaboration of the three parties: a doctor who proposes the principles of the treatment, a trainer or therapist, who draws up an exercise plan, and the athlete, who carries it out. Injury checks, and athletic condition of the athlete, should be conducted weekly to assess the progress of the rehabilitation, and adjustments made whenever necessary.

The content and arrangement of the exercises should follow the points below:

1. Improper movements should be corrected. Lots of chronic sports injuries which require from a delayed recovery are due to incorrect actions performed during regular training;

2. The technical movements should be changed and a compensational function practice developed. Based on the athlete’s injury, his or her training should be adjusted and the peripheral strength training increased, so as to relieve the pain caused by the exertion of force;

3. Reinforce the strength training of the injured part, in order to achieve joint stability and develop a compensational function;

4. Arrange training designed to remove adhesion and improve blood circulation;

5. Carry out training to improve joint mobility;

6. Carry out strength coordination training. The coordination of the muscle strength imbalance in the agonist and antagonist muscles will reduce the tendency towards muscle injury;

7. Correct deformities in the training. Athletes who practice shooting, archery and other similar sports are prone to suffering from scoliosis due to the overuse of one body part over a long period. Frequent backaches might affect the advancement of training and performance. Different correction methods should be formulated for the rehabilitation of scoliosis according to its item and curvature.